Money in Politics in Eastern Europe

Money in Politics in Eastern Europe

Money is often seen as a necessary evil in politics. Wealthy landowners during the early republic days held a disproportionate amount of power, and the situation hasn’t changed up to today. Wealthy individuals are able to fund election campaigns, political parties, lobbying groups or media outlets. Some even buy access to politicians through campaign gifts and donations. Their involvement often ends up influencing the political process in their favor, which is undemocratic and unfair.

It is time for media outlets, lobbying groups, and political parties alike to find new ways to finance their political activities with respect to democratic values porno français. Otherwise, the poor will get poorer as the rich amass more wealth.

European citizens no longer have trust in their democracies due to the role of money in European politics. For example, over the past two years, long-standing ruling parties across Europe, including Italy, Spain, and France, have been hit by serious political allegations. Masses have demonstrated oligarch influence in Moldovan, Greek, and Ukrainian politics.

Allegations that Western European parties are funded by foreign powers have emerged. The recent Panama Paper has exposed the hidden wealth of several European political heavyweights, including the UK, Ukraine, and Iceland Prime Ministers.  

 

It’s no secret that many Europeans no longer trust their politics. A recent study found that only 30% of Europeans trust their institutions, with this distrust going even deeper in politics. The public believes that politicians are bought and paid for by special interest groups, meaning their decisions are based on what will align with their personal interests rather than what’s best for the people they represent.

The perception isn’t without merit, based on a report from the European Commission that found that nearly half of all MEPs have accepted financial support from lobbyists in exchange for influencing legislation. With such a strong perception of corruption, it’s no surprise that the trust in politics is so low. Money in politics is clearly negating the way Europeans view their institutions, and until something is done to address this issue, the problem will continue to worsen.

Money in politics is a global problem that needs to be addressed before it gets out of control. International organizations such as International IDEA are trying to stem this tide by responding to various allegations of money in politics in Europe by linking their extensive networks and global knowledge to European stakeholders. For example, in 2015, International IDEA began translating its policy briefs and political finance handbook into Ukrainian and Russian to make valuable resources more accessible to individuals and organizations fighting for reforms across Europe.

The International IDEA has also been invited to help countries such as Bosnia and Georgia build online tools through which oversight agencies can disclose and report the wealth of politicians and political parties to the public. Countries that have had success with online reporting tools, such as Norway, Finland, the UK, and Estonia, have inspired other European countries that are still struggling with the vice of money in politics.

The International IDEA has also shared its legislative best practices with its members across Europe to help policymakers and politicians in Spain, Sweden, and Italy address the issue of money in politics.

 

 

 

Bulgarian Green Party

The Bulgarian Green Party was established in December 1989. It was one of the first opposition organizations to be founded following the fall of the Communist regime.

The Green Party took part in the first democratic national elections in 1990 in coalition with the Union of the Democratic Forces (UDF). It won 17 seats in the Grand National Assembly (the Constitutional Assembly). The Greens were also widely represented at the municipal level, including a mayor position in Sofia. The mayor was A. Karakachanov, leader of the Green party.

After the UDF split in 1991, the Green Party did not manage to overcome the 4% threshold needed for Parliamentary representation in the elections of October 1991. The UDF split triggered a split in the Green Party as well, and part of the party remained in the coalition under another name (Conservative Ecological Party). Still, the Green Party kept its strong presence in local authorities in a number of big cities (e.g. In Sofia, the Greens got 8% of the seats in the Municipal Council).

In 1994, the Greens took part in the parliamentary elections within a new coalition (The Democratic Alternative for the Republic) and received 3.81% of the votes (only 0.19% off the threshold to enter Parliament!). In the municipal elections in October 1995, the Green Party won 37 seats in different towns and appointed 5 village mayors.

In the 1997 early national elections, the Green Party took part in the newly established coalition, Alliance for National Salvation, alongside the Movement for Rights and Freedoms (the Turkish party), the Liberal Union “New Choice”, the Bulgarian Agrarian National Union “Nikola Petkov” and the Party of the Democratic Centre. The party won two seats in Parliament. At present, the Party does not take part in coalitions .

Successful for the BGP were the municipal elections in October 1999. There the BGP participated solely without being in coalition. Except many counsellors and several village mayors, the party won and 2 positions for municipality mayors. All this made the BGP one of the 10th best presented parties in the elections

The elections in July 2001 were a deserved penalty for all the political classis of Bulgaria. They were gained from the National movement Simeon II, headed by the Bulgarian ex-king. The two big parties lost up to two thirds of their electorate but the loss for the smaller parties was even greater. The Green party, in coalition with the famous Political Club “Ecoglasnost” and supported from many other formations, received its worst results ever.

Current Political Situation

The political situation in the country is totally unpredictable. The winners from the national movement Simeon II came with left orientated promises for accelerated improvement of the economical situation of the voters. However, only months after the elections, the taxes, the prices of goods and energy sources increased not only with percents but with times! Meanwhile, there is no any visible sign for the people that we will overwhelm the recession. The public xnxx dissatisfaction is getting higher and higher each passing day.

Political Goals

In this situation, the major political goals of the Green Party are the following:

1. Organizational and political recreation from the electoral loss which mentally influenced a part of its activists

2. Reconsideration of its general political ideas and introducing them to its voters in a more attractive way

3. Working out its tactics concerning its future partners according to the new economical and social ambiance in the country